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Кто изобрел шариковую ручку?
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Кто изобрел шариковую ручку?


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Европа - Венгрия
2013-12-04 20:11:03 | Просмотров: 1619

Еще в 1888 году Джон Лауд запатентовал принцип работы шариковой ручки, но до рождения реальной шариковой ручки было еще далеко. Появились они на свет только в конце 1930-х гг. в Венгрии — родине шариковой ручки. Это изобретение, прочно вошедшее в наш быт, принадлежит братьям Биро. Один из них был химиком - Георгий, а другой — Ласло, журналистом,скульптором и художником. Ласло запатентовал изобретение в Венгрии и Аргентине.


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Во время второй мировой войны братья покинули родину и эмигрировали в Аргентину, где в 1942 году наладили промышленное производство шариковых ручек. Но поначалу изобретение Биро не пользовалось успехом: чернила высыхали медленно, и писать без клякс не получалось. 

Положение спас американец Фран Сич. Он предложил пасту как наполнитель для стержня. Паста не только не растекалась, но и мгновенно высыхала на бумаге. Теперь шариковая ручка начала свое победоносное шествие по планете.


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